According to a USA Today study in 2014 “top universities turn out black and Hispanic computer science and computer engineering graduates at twice the rate the leading technology companies hire them.” That same year, the “U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission reported that the high tech sector (broader than just Silicon Valley) employed a larger share of whites, Asians and men, and a smaller share of African-Americans, Hispanics and women than the "overall private industry.”  These points have many people skeptical of the Tech industries “pipeline” excuse.