The Coleman report released in 1966 was a revolutionary document that explained the major issues with educational inequality. "The underlying conclusion of the document, called the Coleman report after its principal investigator, was that inequalities outside of schools resulted in unequal educational outcomes.“ Since then schools throughout America have been de-segregated to offer opportunities to all ethnicities. Unfortunately, in today’s America, de-segregation has taken a step back.
"Charlotte once was an exemplar of school desegregation but, like districts in Tennessee, the city quickly re-segregated its schools across the 1990s and 2000s. Now it has one of the lowest upward mobility rates for low-income children in the country, because of both school and housing segregation.” Many solutions are being analyzed, key among them is the option to allow parents to choose which school their children go to. Despite it making sense on the surface there are unintended consequences including sending a child to a “safer” or “closer” school limiting diversity and reinforcing a single way of thinking.
Education is an extremely complex institution with no single solution. How students learn depends on the individual and environment. Creating opportunities that are supportive of multiple facets, is a difficult ask.