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Over the past four decades, diversity in science has gotten a huge boost, with many studies now analyzing its effect on scientific outcomes.  The main goal behind each study is to determine the best ways to utilize varying perspectives to reach the most accurate conclusion.  An example of this includes the 1980s and 1990s when the industry saw more women entering the medical research field.

As researchers “s paid greater attention to women’s health issues such as heart disease, breast cancer and autoimmune diseases”, individuals began rethinking sex and gender within “osteoporosis research — conventionally considered a disease of postmenopausal women — to include men in screening, diagnosis and treatment.”  This has led to the realization that “one-third of osteoporosis-related hip fractures occur in men older than 75 (R. A. Adler Bone Res. 2, 14001; 2014).”

The key is to find new questions to confront older issues in an effort of discovering better results.  While this may also lead to more friction, “those same approaches can spark innovative endeavours.”