WalletHub, the personal finance website, released its report on 2019’s Most & Least Ethnically Diverse Cities in the United States.
To identify the most ethnically diverse places in America, WalletHub compared 501 of the largest U.S. cities on three key metrics: ethno-racial diversity, linguistic diversity and birthplace diversity.
Ethno-racial diversity refers to how much of a city’s population is made up of White, Hispanic, Black, Asian and other ethnic groups. For linguistic diversity, the study looked at the languages spoken within the city. Lastly, for birthplace diversity WalletHub studied whether residents were born in-state versus out of state.
Based on the study, the most ethnically diverse city is Jersey City in New Jersey while the least ethnically diverse city is Hialeah, Florida.
Racial and ethnic diversity is highest in Oakland, California and lowest in Hialeah, Florida.
Meanwhile, the highest concentration (96.44%) of Latinos or Hispanics is in Hialeah, the highest concentration (94.81%) of whites is in Laconia, New Hampshire and the highest concentration of blacks (81.44%) is in Jackson, Mississippi.
On linguistic diversity, the highest concentration (98.57%) of English-speaking residents is in Havre, Montana while the lowest (5.59%) concentration is in Hileah, Florida where 93.96% of residents speak Spanish.
On birthplace diversity, Greenville, Mississippi has the highest concentration (86.79%) of residents who were born in the city while Hilton Head Island, S.C. is the lowest at 16.80%.
New York is the most diverse (69.40 percent) large city, Jersey City the most diverse mid-size city and Gaithersburg, Md., is the most diverse small city within the U.S.
Benefits & Concerns
“There are many benefits to a diverse, multicultural city some of which are being exposed to different neighborhoods, communities, culture, parks and restaurants, said Dr. Kwame Dixon, a WalletHub expert and an assistant professor of African American Studies in the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University.”
But there are concerns as well. According to assistant professor at New York University’s Department of Psychology and WalletHub expert Dr. Maureen Craig, there is concern that “information about increasing ethnic diversity can lead white Americans to express greater concerns about their ethnic group’s status and further, these concerns can have implications for interethnic attitudes as well as political attitudes,”
The reality is that diversity is here to stay and how we deal with it moving forward matters.